Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Management
PTTEP commits to not operating in any natural World Heritage areas. The Company also ensures that no net loss will occur in IUCN Category I-IV protected areas where PTTEP operates and that there will be no net loss in the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (BES) in our operational areas. PTTEP genuinely believes that we can play an important role in preventing loss within PTTEP systems by following our mitigation hierarchy as well as in restoring and conserving biodiversity and wildlife habitats on a large scale to sustain and enhance overall ecosystem value. In fact, management of our biodiversity and ecosystem services remains one of the fundamental elements in the Company's Sustainable Development Policy and the Sustainable Development (SD) Guideline.
In order to ensure that PTTEP expectations in the SD Guideline are adhered to, PTTEP developed its Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (BES) Management Guideline which is in line with "A Guide to Developing Biodiversity Action Plans for the Oil and Gas Sector" established by IPIECA (International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association). This BES Management Guideline has already been implemented across all of PTTEP operational sites. Scope of Guideline covers the following:
- Conducts BES Risk Assessment through different project phases
- Develops Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) where there is high risk to BES
- Applies the mitigation hierarchy, using baseline data and risk assessment, to avoid and mitigate against impacts to biodiversity values
- Aims to achieve a no net-loss of biodiversity values over the project lifecycle
- Considers biodiversity offsets, where there is a residual impact following implementation of the mitigation hierarchy to compensate for the potential loss of biodiversity values to achieve no-net loss
- Engages the community when assessing biodiversity values and ecosystem services
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Risk Assessment
As a part of conducting its Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Risk Assessment for all projects, PTTEP also executed and implemented Biodiversity Action Plans (BAPs) for projects that could potentially involve ‘high risk’ in regard to BES in the Company’s operational sites. BAPs are an internationally recognized tool addressing threatened species and habitats and are designed to protect and restore ecosystem services. Although the 2017 BES risk assessment result showed that no PTTEP project had a ‘high risk’ on BES, PTTEP willingly followed its own mitigation hierarchy and developed Biodiversity Action Plans (BAPs) for all projects that were identified as ‘medium risk’ to biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Actions to achieve No Net Loss Target
In 2020, PTTEP targets ‘no net loss’ in Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services within operational sites. The actions to achieve the target are the implementation of PTTEP Green Practices Roadmap, the establishment of biodiversity monitoring program and restoration/conservation projects within operational site and the implementation of the Biodiversity Action Plans (BAPs) where there is “medium risk” or “high risk” rated according to the BES matrix. In addition, PTTEP also engages with third parties such as IPIECA-IOGP BESWG and UNEP-WCMC to support the development of the guidance to quantify and identify actions to achieve no-net loss in E&P operations.
BES Management Training in Protected Areas
PTTEP continually conducts BES management training for all PTTEP staff who work in protected areas including PTTEP SSHE staff. An example protected area is the Taninthayri Reserved Forest which is located in the Onshore Zawtika Project. Training is conducted for staff in order to build up awareness and knowledge of BES management.
Marine Survey and Training Project
The PTTEP marine survey and training project continually encourages researchers to survey fisheries resources and the marine environment in the Central Gulf of Thailand. The project was opened to researchers, as well as to students in related fields, to additionally provide vital learning opportunities to those with experience in using survey equipment in the field. A collaborative project between a number of related research institutes and organizations has been publishing research papers relating to Gulf of Thailand resources and environment, enabling management to utilize the nation’s natural resources in the Gulf of Thailand in an even more effective and sustainable manner.
Marine Biodiversity Study at PTTEP Offshore Projects
PTTEP has commissioned with the Institute of Marine Science, Burapha University, Thailand to develope a biodiversity study project in the sea at PTTEP offshore projects (Bongkot, Arthit and B6/27 in the Gulf of Thailand). One result of this effort has been that PTTEP has developed a new marine biodiversity baseline information for decommissioning method selection; this new information will help make PTTEP operational sites become even more effective on environmental management. Importantly, this marine biodiversity data will be used as the baseline information for Decommissioning Environmental Assessment for offshore projects.
Development of an ROV for a Marine Diversity and Environmental Study
PTTEP in association with the Training Department of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC/TD), King Mongkut University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Kasetsart University Research and Development Institute (KURDI) and the Institute of Marine Science of Burapha University jointly signed a Memorandum of Understanding to develop a Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) for the marine environment and a marine habitat survey. This project underscores the environmentally friendly petroleum exploration and production practices at PTTEP's wellhead platforms. It is worthwhile to note as well that this cooperation marks the first time ever in Thailand that an ROV has been developed for an environmental purpose. In 2016, this ROV was launched to survey the artificial reef at Rayong province and other locations in the Gulf of Thailand. PTTEP’s expectation is that this ROV will be able to support research or surveys for marine resources. The Company also highlights that using an ROV is much safer than traditional diving. This approach is also special because it has real time monitoring capability. In 2017 PTTEP has employed this same ROV to monitor biodiversity and the marine environment under PTTEP offshore platforms and at the PTTEP artificial reef project.
Marine Habitat Atlas
PTTEP Australasia has supported, in conjunction with the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS), and developed the marine habitat Atlas to make marine monitoring data more accessible to the wider community. North West Atlas is a web-based platform that displays information about the coral reefs and shoals in the Timor Sea that AIMS has extensively studied on behalf of PTTEP Australasia.
Atlas features interactive maps with interesting information, photos and videos of the coral reefs and shoals in PTTEP Australasia’s operational areas. Atlas also features other regular articles and a twitter feed. Considerable interest in Atlas has already been expressed by the Australian scientific community, and it is anticipated that information from other sources will soon be added to Atlas. The Atlas website can be accessed at North West Atlas.
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Peer-to-Peer Training Workshop
In November 2016, for the first time in Thailand, PTTEP organized a workshop on biodiversity and ecosystem services management for the petroleum industry. The workshop was prepared in cooperation with the International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA), International Association of Oil & Gas Producers (IOGP), and the United Nations Environmental Program-World Conservation Monitoring Center (UNEP-WCMC). Attended by more than 50 participants, the workshop was developed by IPIECA to build a learning network among experts and personnel in the oil and gas industry whose roles and direct responsibilities lie in the areas of the environment, ecosystems and biodiversity.
Sign of Biodiversity Values
The Zawtika onshore gas transportation project is located in Thanintharyi National Forest of Myanmar where some endangered species have been found. PTTEP and Thanintharyi National Reserved Project have monitored a number of endangered species found in forest and within the project site by using camera traps and staff mobile phones as one of the strategic actions of the BAPs of the project. In 2017, 2 endangered species were found near the project site, namely the “Hog badger (Arctonyx collaris)” (Venerable Species:VU) and the “Barking Deer” (Muntiacus muntjak) (Least Concerned Species:LC). Records have been kept to ensure that there is no net loss of BES in the area.