Climate Change Management

Climate Strategy and Targets

Climate change may impact the environment and PTTEP's business, in terms of more frequent natural disasters, stringent national and international policies and regulations, and a drive towards low carbon future.

PTTEP has continuously initiated actions to reduce and mitigate risks, including an increase in the investment proportion of natural gas as a cleaner transition energy and studies to find ways to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In addition, to support Thailand’s goals to achieve Carbon Neutrality and Net Zero Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions as committed at the 26th United Nation Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), the Company has set the target to achieve Net Zero GHG Emissions by 2050 for E&P business covering scope 1 and scope 2 under PTTEP’s operational control. PTTEP also set the targets of reduction of greenhouse gas emissions intensity by 30% by 2030 and 50% by 2040 from 2020 base year.

To achieve the target, PTTEP implements the GHG emission reduction projects (Scope1 and 2) by means of flare/excess gas recovery and utilization, energy efficiency improvement, production efficiency improvement and methane leak reduction. In addition, recognizing that greenhouse gas emissions will affect business expansion, PTTEP collaborated with the PTT Group to develop an internal carbon pricing to be taken into consideration when investing in GHG emissions reduction projects. PTTEP also established GHG management criteria, including an internal carbon pricing, for the new mergers and acquisitions (M&A) investment decision-making process in the E&P business. Additionally, to achieve the target PTTEP has focused on research and development about Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage (CCUS) together with GHG emissions reduction from the operations. PTTEP's operational transparency reflects in the inclusion of climate change strategy and performance in the annual reports and sustainability reports. PTTEP has also disclosed environmental and climate change-related performance to CDP since 2010. PTTEP has been ranked at "Leadership Level" for the 7th consecutive years since 2014, and "Management Level" in 2021, reflecting its environmental stewardship compared to its peers.

As a company's vision to become an "Energy Partner of Choice", PTTEP recognizes the importance of collaboration with other Thai and international organizations to create positive climate action. PTTEP has committed to engage with third parties, for example;

  • United Nations Global Compact (UNGC) under the UNGC's Guide for Responsible Corporate Engagement in Climate Policy
  • Greenhouse Gas Reduction Steering Subcommittee (PTTEP as a member) which will steer technology applications for the country's carbon capture, utilization and storage. The mission will accelerate Thailand's actions in mitigating climate impacts through the application of capture, utilization and storage technology in the energy and industry sectors.
  • Thailand's CCUS Technology Development Consortium led by the Bio-Circular-Green Economy Technology & Engineering Center (BCGeTEC), Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University and PTTEP as a member. The consortium will build a collaborative network for the study and development and utilization of CCUS technology in Thailand. PTTEP joins the consortium as a member from the industry sector together with PTT Public Company Limited, Thai Oil Public Company Limited, Global Power Synergy Public Company Limited, PTT Global Chemical Public Company Limited, SCG Cement Company Limited, Bangkok Industrial Gas Co., Ltd., and Sahaviriya Steel Industries PCL., along with state agencies and public organizations as advisors
  • Thailand's Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning, under the Memorandum of Agreement (MOU) in climate management. This collaboration focuses on the success of future Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in Thailand by strengthening the capability and competency of country resources both government agencies and private sectors themselves. This also supports in achieving the Thailand carbon neutrality and net zero targets, as well as moving towards low carbon society.
  • Thailand Greenhouse Gas Organization (TGO) and PTT Group in co-developing of Premium T-VER (Thailand Voluntary Emission Reduction Program) methodology for Carbon Capture and Storage
  • Thailand Greenhouse Gas Organization (TGO), to seek opportunities to reduce or offset GHG emissions through various channels. For instance, PTTEP buys carbon credit in support of TGO's carbon credit market to offset the emissions for internal activities; launches a reforestation project to capture carbon, participates in TGO's Low Emission Support Scheme (LESS) by initiating energy efficiency projects and applies the 3Rs principle (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) in waste management.

Climate Risk Management

Company has fully integrated the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) framework into its climate change management as shown in the 2023 TCFD Disclosure Report. Furthermore, PTTEP incorporates risks that may result from climate change into serious consideration, treating it as the Company's emerging risk. In 2021, PTTEP reassessed risks with context-specific for timely improvement across all-new operation assets, upstream & downstream activities, and clients and for compliance with modified requirements both at national and international levels. Assessed climate change risks consist of physical risks and transition risks. Physical risks are related to direct impacts such as heat waves, heavy precipitates, tropical storms, drought and water-related risks. Transition risks are related to changes of risks of policy, legal, technology; market; and reputations. The assessment covers short-term risks (2020 - 2025), medium-term risks (2025 - 2035) and long-term risks (2035 - 2050).

In the assessment of physical risks, 3 scenarios are applied as guided by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): aggressive mitigation scenario or representative concentration Pathways (RCP 2.6); strong mitigation scenario (RCP 4.5); and Business-as-usual (BaU) scenario (RCP 8.5). The assessment results of corporate physical risks in all scenarios and all timeframe are ranked in between low to medium level.

In the assessment of transition risks, 3 scenarios are applied: Stated Policies Scenario (SPS - previously known as "New Policies Scenario (NPS)", the underlying assumptions and modelling methodology remain unchanged), Sustainable Development Scenario (SDS) and IPCC's 1.5°C scenario. The first two scenarios are in line with International Energy Agency (IEA)'s impact assessment guidance and the last with IPCC's guidance. The assessment results of corporate transition risks in all scenarios and all timeframe are ranked in between low to medium level.

Based on the assessment results in 2021, the risks of the Company maintain at the same level. As such, the Company is confident that its climate risk management is appropriate and aligned with the global target to hold temperature increase to well below 2 degrees Celsius. The Company closely monitors and tracks climate change that may affect corporate risk level, as a result of the COP26 and Thailand's commitment on Net Zero target, in order to manage risks by the balancing the risk appetite level and corporate sustainable development. In addition, PTTEP has developed a Climate Management Plan in response to the Company's physical and transition risks. The plan is an integration of mitigation, adaptation, and resilience actions to allow its understanding on vulnerabilities to climate, manage the risks posed by climate change, place us in a strong position to increase resilience to potential threats, and exploit new business opportunities.

Driving Climate Change Policies

PTTEP engages in addressing climate change through the Company's EP Net Zero 2050 concept in collaboration with various partners, including the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP), which is a government agency overseeing the policies and plans for preventing and addressing the issues related to climate change of the country, including Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS) and climate change studies and researches. With ONEP, PTTEP has entered into a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to strengthen cooperation on climate change and biodiversity conservation, aiming to establish measures and mechanisms for private sector-driven greenhouse gas reduction. This collaborative effort also aims to support Thailand's targets of achieving carbon neutrality by 2050 and net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2065 in alignment with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement. To promote sustainability efforts including driving energy transition and fostering a low carbon society, PTTEP has become a member of business associations and networks both domestically and internationally such as the International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association (IPIECA) and the Thailand Business Council for Sustainable Development (TBCSD). These organizations play a crucial role in setting frameworks for environmental and sustainable practices, including climate change initiatives. Member companies can actively participate in developing work plans and supporting important policies.

PTTEP maintains the Company's participation in work plan implementation and continuously monitors progress through multiple channels such as joint development activities, meetings, and annual performance review meetings to ensure alignment with the country's climate action goals and government policies.