PTTEP Teenergy Project
Protecting nature and the environment is an urgent mission for the country, and young people are the key engine that will drive the movement forward.
PTTEP Teenergy is a project that improves the youths’ capacity to safeguard our natural resources by proving them with the opportunity to learn, practice and take hands-on actions to protect natural resources.
“Teenergy” comes from Teen + Energy. It’s an attempt to rally the power of the young generation to develop a spirit of conservation.
The project calls for youths at higher secondary level to take part in activities to learn about nature and to promote an understanding of the importance of nature and the environment
The project started in 2014 under the strategy of “3C: Cultivate-Create-Change” to cultivate consciousness of natural resource conversation and environmental responsibility among youths.
Cultivate in youths a consciousness for natural sources and the environment by creating learning opportunities outside the classroom.
Create knowledge for youths, reinforcing the spirit of conservation and promote the youth network’s readiness to take actions that will benefit society.
Change the community and society for the better by brainstorming ideas and taking actions
“Learning about value of the environment and nature and participating in the social activities ” at Khao Yai National Park is one of the activities in PTTEP Teenergy, held for the fifth consecutive year. It is an initiative of PTTEP in cooperation with the Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, the Department of Environmental Quality Promotion, the Office of the Basic Education Commission and the Foundation for Khao Yai National Park Protection.
Three-days-and-two-nights activities of PTTEP Teenergy Camp has also focused on embedding the nature conservation. The children will have a chance to hear stories from real conservationists such as Sasin Chalermlarp, chairman of Sueb Nakasatien Foundation, Professor Emeritus Dr. Pilai Poonswad, Thailand’s leading hornbill researcher and Dr. Patrapol Maneeorn, a respected veterinarian better known as Dr. Lot.
PTTEP Teenergy has expanded its mission. In the first year, the goal was to familiarise young people with the World Heritage Site of
Khao Yai and allow them to appreciate nature. In the second year, the goal was to train young people to be able to communicate the importance of natural conservation to other people, so they were taught to make video clips with a smartphone. In the third year, the mission is to train young people on how to organise their own camps and activities in their communities. So participants get to learn about social campaigning from scholars, while supporting youths who want to host their own camps. The pride of PTTEP Teenergy is the project has inspired many students to set up nature conservation projects in their own communities
In 2017, the forth iteration of the project, PTTEP expanded the project to cover
all regions across Thailand and held camp activities in all 4 regions with PTTEP operations, including the North, Northeast, Central and South. The focus was to reinforce the spirit of conservation and to impart the wisdom of the Sufficiency Economy Philosophy to the youth. In addition, 4 scholarships with an estimated value of Thai Baht 400,000 were also given to youths in all regions to continue their journey of learning on natural resource conservation.
The objective of the scholarships was to create a strong youth network in each region, ready to become a major driving force for social and environmental development.
In 2018 PTTEP Teenergy’s camp activities are held under the theme of “Change for Climate”.
70 students are selected to participate in each camp. PTTEP aims to build up a strong youth networking in each region. It is expected that they will continue to organize activities on natural and environmental conservation.
The objective of the scholarships was to create a strong youth network in each region, ready to become a major driving force for social and environmental development.
No matter how the mission of PTTEP Teenergy expands in the years to come, the seeds of environmental conservation have been sowed and thriving spectacularly.
PTTEP has carried out analysis on Social Return on Investment (SROI) of this project by measuring the social impact of the program with the financial quantification calculation (monetization). This method is intended to measure the value of the financial impact of the program that compares to the value of the impact to the cost of the program that has been invested into. It appears that the value of the SROI ratio is 1.06 : 1.
To follow the PTTEP Teenergy activities, please go to https://www.facebook.com/pttepteenergycamp/
The Forest Restoration for Eco-learning At Sri Nakhon Khuean Khan Park Project
Khung Bang Kachao is in Phra Pradaeng district, Samut Prakan, just 20 kilometres from the delta where the Chao Phraya meets the Gulf of Thailand. It is influenced by high and low tides and salinity levels due to its proximity to the sea. The area has a unique character and a great diversity of flora and fauna.
This 11,000-rai green area was lauded by Time magazine in 2006 as “The Best Urban Oasis of Asia” — the key word is “oasis”, the “lungs” that produce oxygen for the city of seven million people for nine months in a year thanks to seasonal winds. In the face of global warming and its worldwide impact, the area helps trap over 6,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide per year, according to a 2011 study by Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organisation (Public Organisation) and Kasetsart University’s Faculty of Forestry.
The mouth of the canal, with an influx of brackish water coming in from the sea during high tide, enriches the expanse of mangrove forests, one of the three ecological systems that characterize this green pig’s stomach. Meanwhile in the low-lying plains deeper inland, rainwater is trapped during the monsoon season and dries up in summer, and the area was once a freshwater swamp forest before it was turned into fruit orchards and irrigation canals. Lastly in the high plains in the middle of Bang Kachao which was once a rainforest has been converted into farmland and residential areas.
Result of the continuous monitoring by Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University in last 4 years demonstrates that biodiversity in these 3 forests has been increased i.e. the average biomass of mangrove forest is increased to 16.14 tons per rai or 57.2% increase, the average biomass of freshwater swamp forest is increased to 11.83 tons per rai or 21.7% increase and the average biomass of rainforest and is increased to 11.53 tons per rai or 20.6% increase. As per the monitoring result, number of plant species have been increased from 90 in 2014 to 118 species in 2017 or 31.1% increase. At least 101 species of native wildlife have been identified. Birds in the area are both native species and migratory birds. Sri Nakhon Khuean Kan Park is an important location for bird watching
Sri Nakhon Khuean Khan Park
Bang Kachao sub-district, Phra Pradaeng district, Samut Prakan 10130
Forest Restoration for Eco-learning at Sri Nakhon Khuean Khan Park Project (Bang Kachao)
PTTEP is committed to reducing the environmental impacts through various projects. An example of commitment is the Forest Reforestation for Eco-learning at Sri Nakhon Khuean Khan Park Project (in line with HRH Princess Sirindhorn’s initivative, Bang Kachao) in Samut Prakan Province. The project was initiated in 2013 to restore a 40-rai forest in botanical garden and to renovate the park into an eco-learning site in the style of natural classroom. The site has become a popular recreational ground, nicknamed “the Lung of Bangkok”.
In 2018, PTTEP continues to organize “Young Guide Course”, a training course for students in the area to build up network and raise awareness of the value of “Bang Kachao, Forest in the City”. So far, 242 students have been trained under this program. This year 308,715 visitors visit Sri Nakhon Khuean Khan Park which is 35% higher than 2017. Out of total visitors, 36,922 are from overseas and 140 wheelchair bound visitors.
PTTEP has carried out analysis on Social Return on Investment (SROI) of this project by measuring the social impact of the program with the financial quantification calculation (monetization). This method is intended to measure the value of the financial impact of the program that compares to the value of the impact to the cost of the program that has been invested into. It appears that the value of the SROI ratio is 1 : 1.
PTTEP implemented the reforestation of 105,000 rai as an ongoing project during 2013-2019. PTTEP is the operator of tree planting and maintenance for the first three years before handing over to the Royal Forest Department, the Department of National Parks and Wildlife and Plant Conservation and the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources in the fourth year for further maintenance. For Community forest communities, PTTEP planted and maintained trees for five years which were then transferred over to the Royal Forest Department in the sixth year for further maintenance. In addition to absorbing carbon dioxide, the project also helps create value for the local economy by creating jobs and distributing income to the local community as well.
In 2016, the Company carried out plantation maintenance in 27 provinces totaling 105,000 rai. PTTEP has started to gradually deliver plantation blocks to the government which will be completed in 2019. Furthermore t he Company has organized trainings for community to build up network for forest and environment protection in the adjacent area of the plantation blocks since 2016 in order to gain community participation in forest conservation and to raise awareness. To date, the Company has organized 15 trainings in 14 provinces in the north, northeastern and south of Thailand for 938 community representatives.
Waste to Energy Project
Pua-ngoen Sumalee, a cook for Ban Thap Hai School, is busy preparing food for members of a biogas production and garbage recycling training and workshop. Her cooking, preparing a large pot of rice and two dishes, would have been but another ordinary event had it been prepared with heat from a gas cylinder that can be found in most kitchens.
Instead, Pua-ngoen is cooking with biogas produced in a digestion tank located on the floor next to the kitchen.
The cooks at Ban Thap Hai School have not used commercially available cooking gas for years, ever since they joined the village’s biogas project. The same is true of many other families in Nong Saeng district, Udon Thani Province.
Adopting biogas has many benefits. It provides savings on household expenses while being an effective way to dispose of garbage.
PTTEP started the biogas production project in Saeng Sawang sub-district of Nong Saeng district in 2012 with 42 ponds, 36 in Ban Thasee and 6 others in Ban Thap Hai.
The project was later expanded to Thap Kung sub-district, with the number of biogas ponds totaling 203 at present.
Not too far from the kitchen, Ban Thap Hai School director Chatchai Laokliengdee is demonstrating how to add “raw materials” into a biogas digestion tank. He pours leftover food and chopped Napier grass into the tank by using a long stick to push the material down.
The fermentation tank looks like a large capsule. It is covered with a black plastic sheet, swollen by the pressure of the gas inside. Some people said the gas lagoon appears like a balloon that can’t float.
“I built the first pond three years ago,” Chatchai says as he pours more raw material into the tank.
“As it turned out, one lagoon did not produce enough gas. The school has to feed 60-70 children, 20 days a month,” the school director says.
Ban Thap Hai is a school for children from kindergarten to primary school. Even though it does not cater to a large number of students, it has to provide lunch for every single student. In the past, the school had to buy one 15-kilogram gas cylinder per month.
The school director decided to join PTTEP’s biogas production project, which provided him with the equipment and funding needed to generate the alternative fuel. Once he saw that the use of biogas helped him save significantly on cooking gas, he requested subsidies to build the second lagoon.
Ban Thap Hai School has been run on the “philosophy of sufficiency economy” as championed by His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej for many years. It has sheds where chicken and frogs are kept, some for sale while others are to be released back into nature. The school also rears earthworms whose faeces are used as fertiliser.
The biogas production project fits in perfectly with the school’s teachings and philosophy.
During the past few years, the school had almost no need for commercial cooking gas and has bought only two gas cylinders.
This is compared to its reliance on one gas cylinder per month before the biogas came along. In three years, the school has saved over 14,000 bah.
When it comes to feeding the biogas ponds, janitors and students are tasked with the job according to a predetermined schedule. During school holidays, however, there is no leftover food while the lagoon should not be left without fermentation process. The school, therefore, decided to acquire a piece of land to plant Napier grass commonly used to feed cattle.
The chopped grass can be used to fill in the biogas lagoon. Sometimes, the school also trades the grass for cattle dung, which can also be used as materials to produce biogas.
“We can probably ask for the cattle dung for free but farmers can keep it to use as fertiliser. They can sell it as well at about 35 baht per sack,” the school director says.
Chatchai adds that cattle herders sometimes go to the school’s patch to harvest grass for their livestock. Some even bring their animals to the school and let the cattle roam there so that they don’t have to keep a watch on them.
The director said trading grass for cattle waste is a win-win approach for the school and cattle farmers. The school receives material for its biogas production while the farmers do not need to spend their time finding grass to feed their cattle.
In the future, the school may raise cattle itself so that it can use their dung for its biogas production.
A biogas lagoon looks like a large balloon. The plastic cover appears tight and swollen from the biogas accumulated inside.
The lagoon is about 1.7 metres wide and four metres long. It is about 80 centimetres deep on the front end widening to about 1 metre deep at the other end.
After digging up the lagoon, villagers then line it with a large plastic sheet.
Rundorn Pimda, who serves as a community coordinator, recounts how to prepare a biogas lagoon from his own experience.
“We will connect PVC pipes to the mouth of the tarpaulin and its rear end. The connections will be wrapped and the one at the mouth serve as a material feeder while the one at the bottom will drain excess water. After that, we use an air pump to inflate the tarpaulin sack into shape then add water into it,” Rundorn says.
The water must be added until its level is higher than the PVC pipe. This will prevent the air and gas from leaking.
Once the biogas lagoon is inflated, animal waste can be put into it. Animal waste is preferred as a seed material as it produces more gas. Once there is enough methane in the lagoon, leftover food or more animal waste can be added into it.
The production of biogas inside the lagoon is a rather simple process. As the animal waste, garbage or organic leftovers decompose, the digestion process naturally produces gas.
In case too much raw material is added into the pond or it rains, excess water will be drained off the rear end of the lagoon. The fermented water can be used to water trees.
The lagoon will also be equipped with another valved pipe where gas will be allowed to travel. This pipe is then connected to various kitchens in different households.
The biogas production and garbage recycling training was conceived after people in Ban Thasee decided to get rid of the animal waste, especially those from cattle that were scattered around their village. The project commenced in 2010 with 42 ponds.
Two years later in 2012, the villagers formed a group and asked for a grant from PTTEP which operates the Sinphuhom natural gas exploration and production nearby. The villagers did so after they learned from word of mouth that biogas ponds can produce gas for household use.
Daeng Uantem, a member of Ban Thap Hai in Saeng Sawang Sub-district in Nong Saeng District who joined the project 3 years ago, says it is not a difficult thing to do. “It helps us save a lot. It’s not difficult either. Just dig a pond. After that, PTTEP staff installed the gas bag and laid the pipeline for us. We can put any household waste into the pond, water or leftover food. I used to buy up to six gas cylinders a year before. Now, I only need to buy one,” Daeng says.
Daeng’s success has drawn others into the biogas project.
Not too far from the school lies a small plot of land, complete with a water pond and a cow shed, which belongs to Ai Bootprom, the latest member of the biogas project. A one-metre-deep pond has been prepared. Once everyone is ready, a biogas bag will be installed.
“I think it’s good to use and it’s economical,” says Ai after seeing how her neighbours have relied on the alternative fuel for a few years.
The five cows in the shed give Mae Ai hope that they will produce enough dung to feed into the lagoon and turn into fuel. She will compliment it with biodegradable food residue as her neighbours told her.
Mae Ai has mastered the theory. All she needs to do now is to start practicing it.
Before long, it will transport gas to Mae Ai’s kitchen. Yet another family will be able to produce cooking gas by themselves using animal waste and leftovers.
As another biogas lagoon is coming into action, it will serve as a model for others to follow.
PTTEP has carried out analysis on Social Return on Investment (SROI) of this project by measuring the social impact of the program with the financial quantification calculation (monetization).
This method is intended to measure the value of the financial impact of the program that compares to the value of the impact to the cost of the program that has been invested into.
It appears that the value of the SROI ratio is 1.02 : 1.
About Waste to Energy Project
H.T.M.S. Underwater Learning Site Project
Back in 2010, a rise in the seawater temperature to above 30.5 degrees Celsius for an extended period of time resulted in widespread coral bleaching under the Thai seas.
The warmer seawater and dead corals had a chain effect on other marine lives. Coral reefs serve as nurseries for young sea animals and sanctuary from predators for grown ones. Their health is inherently tied to that of the marine ecosystem and the livelihood of humans depending on the sea to provide them with food and income from fishery and tourism.
After marine scientists met at the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources to deliberate on how to tackle the situation, one recommendation was to build “man-made diving sites.” Because Studies had found that when a coral reef becomes popular, it is more likely to suffer negative impacts. Closing off diving sites or forbidding people from visiting the coral reefs would affect the tourism industry and in turn cause local people to lose their income. In this situation, creating alternative diving sites would reduce the pressures on natural coral reefs and allow them time to recover from bleaching.
As an operator of petroleum E&P projects in Thailand, PTTEP threw its support behind the project to study and develop methods to use former battleships to create underwater tourist attractions in Chumphon and Surat Thani. The project is a collaborative effort with various agencies including the Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources, Chumphon and Surat Thani administrations, local business operators and communities as well as the Royal Thai Navy and Kasetsart University’s Department of Fishery served as the project’s major driving force.
For this project, PTTEP took the task of coordinating between the governors of Chumphon and Surat Thani and the Navy.
Eventually, the Navy offered two suitably sized decommissioned ships for the project, namely
H.T.M.S. Prab and H.T.M.S. Sattakut. Their histories themselves are impressive enough to attract people as diving sites.
The important criterion for the site’s selection is it must be proven to help mitigate impact on the coral reef. That means the chosen location must be easily accessible for divers. The area should not be too far from natural coral reefs which are known tourist attractions either.
Hence, before the ships were put underwater, talks were held with various agencies, both public and private, state officials as well as members of local communities. Surveys of areas under the sea were conducted to find the most suitable place for the ships to rest and studied the sea currents, visibility, topography and the number of marine animals.
For Koh Tao, the team chose a location close to Hin Khao (White Rock) formation, which is a major diving spot to the west of the island, and an important habitat of sessile organisms such as corals, mushroom anemones, sea anemones, coralline algae or sea sponges.
Meanwhile, an area where concessions to harvest sea swallow’s nests are granted, Koh Ngam Noi – is also a popular diving site, which is characterised by a steep limestone cliff and is an area that attracts a massive number of marine fish.
Another major aspect of the operation is preparing the battleships for their last mission to ensure that the ships would have a minimal impact on the marine ecology, which included cleaning and re-painting the hulls with lead-free paint, removing materials that may harm marine animals such as fiber, removing the structures and elements that might cause harm and hook the divers and installing signs to inform wreck divers which areas are accessible.
Ceremonies to lay the battleships down into the sea might have been over, but the mission continued. Another important aspect of the project is gauging impacts that the ships may yield to the marine ecology. The study is divided into three areas: the study of environmental impact began as soon as the ships were lowered to the seabed. The study included monitoring the amount of stirred-up sediments, garbage or any substance, conditions of the seabed and currents. The results show that there was no significant impact in every area studied and the sessile organisms and fish remained in the same conditions; the study of living organisms, a group of trevallies was found to have circled around the wrecks on the first day. A year later, the number of fish found in the area increased to more than 40 species and 60 afterwards. Around H.T.M.S. Prab, whale sharks can be spotted regularly. At the depth of 18 metres, certain species of sponges were found and distinguished as prominent species. Further down at the depth of 25 metres, the dominent species such as black corals were found; the study of using the shipwrecks as alternative diving sites to draw tourists away from decaying natural ones was met with great success. These days, boats take turns coming in and out of the wreck sites every morning and afternoon as tourists waste no time jumping into the sea. While student divers sometimes brush their fins on the wrecks’ structures, they are definitely more durable than corals in nature as they are made of iron.
Although the creation of man-made dive sites represents a remarkable attempt to protect coral reefs, their long-term conservation demands more work.
Since human beings are part of the problem, they must play a role in its solution. As more boats bringing an increasing number of tourists into areas where there are coral reefs for them to admire, the mere act of their anchoring could cause a lot of damage to the natural resources.
Koh Tao is one of the most visited diving sites in the world. Its coral reefs see visitors both Thai and foreign coming to enjoy their natural beauty every day. A major concern was an anchoring directly on to coral reefs.
PTTEP joined to continuously support the construction of a concrete base, a mooring buoy and their maintenance. Up to now, more than 100 mooring buoys have been put into place around the island's many diving sites.